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情景交际题解题策略  

2011-03-12 09:41:13|  分类: 学习方法 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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本文转载自快乐英语《情景交际题解题策略》
情景交际题解题策略

1.正确运用英语的习惯表达方式,语言表达要符合英语国家的文化和风俗。如:
(1)—Hi, haven’t seen you for ages! You look fine!
—_____. You look well, too.
A.Great                         B.Thanks
C.Oh, no                       D.Not at all
这是听到别人赞扬或恭维时的交际用语。在这种场合下,中国人往往谦虚地以否定作答,而英美人总是说“Thank you”“Thanks”“Many thanks”“That’s very kind of you”“It’s very kind of you to say so” 之类的话表示乐意接受。选B。
(2)—I’m sorry for stepping on your foot.   
—_____.
A.That’s all right                    B.No,it’s my fault 
C.You didn’t hurt me at all       D.You have it too
这是一个表示歉意的交际用语。根据英美人的习惯,当对方致歉时回答应是“Never mind”“That’s all right”“It doesn’t matter”或“It’s nothing”,而B、C和D是汉语式的回答,不符合英美人的表达习惯。选A。

2.正确理解英语句子的确切含义,不要望文生义。如:
—Why do we listen to the radio?
—To get information on the air.
—_____
—You are right.
A.Do you mean“on the plane”?
B.Oh, I see. Then we can know more about the world.
C.Why not get information in the air?
D.So we can get information on the radio.
根据整个语境所表达的意义,这里的on the air是“在广播中”的意思,相当于on the radio。A、C两项显然没有正确理解on the air的真正意义,D项语义不连贯。选B。

3.把握对话中上下文的逻辑关系,正确体会对话双方的意图。如:
—Go for a picnic this weekend,OK?
—_____.I love getting close to nature.
A.I couldn’t agree more         B.I’m afraid not
C.I believe not                     D.I don’t think so
从答语中I love getting close to nature可推断出答话者同意对方的建议,而B、C、D均为否定答语,故选A,意为“非常满意”。

4.省略句在口语中大量出现,交际用语的考查也常和省略句联系在一起。如:
—Do you think it’s going to rain over the weekend?
—_____.
A.I don’t believe            B.I don’t believe it
C.I believe not so              D.I believe not

口语中,在上下文明确时,常用省略句。believe一词的肯定形式为I believe so,so替代上文中“it’s going to rain over the weekend”这句话。其否定式为I believe not或I don’t believe so。类似的词还有suppose,think,fear,expect,imagine等,皆有此用法。另外fear,hope,be afraid的否定形式只有“I fear not”“I hope not”和“I’m afraid not”而没有“I don’t hope so”等句型。选D。

【试题设计】

1.—What do you want to do next?We have half an hour until the basketball game.
—_____. Whatever you want to do is fine with me.
A.It just depends            B.It’s up to you
C.All right                   D.Glad to hear that
2.—How long are you staying?
—I don’t know. _____.
A.That’s OK                  B.Never mind
C.It depends                  D.It doesn’t matter
3.—How often do you eat out?
—_____, but usually once a week.
A.Have no idea               B.It depends
C.As usual                     D.Generally speaking
4.—No, I’m afraid he isn’t in. This is his secretary speaking. Can I help you?
—_____
A.Oh, you will.
B.Oh, that’s a pity.
C.I should think so.
D.Well, I look forward to hearing from you.
5.— Guess what!I came across an old friend at the party last night.
—_____ I’m sure you had a wonderful time.
A.Sounds good!                B.Very well.
C. How nice!                   D.All right.
6.—Susan, will you please go and empty that drawer?
—_____?
A.What for   B.What is it   C.How is it   D.How come
7.—______we move the picture over there?Do you think it’ll look better?
—I can’t agree more.
A.What you think   B.What if   C.Even if   D.Only if
8.—Hello, Mr.Smith. This is Larry Jackson. I am afraid I won’t be able to arrive on time for the meeting in your office.  
—_____. We’ll wait for you.
A.Hurry up                      B.No doubt
C.Cheer up                      D.That’s all right
9.—I’ve got your invitation.
—Oh, good. _____
A.Can you come?         B.Thanks a lot.
C.I’ll take it.                D.May I help you?
10.—Could you do me a favor and take these books to my office?
—Yes, _____.
A.for pleasure                                         B.I could
C.my pleasure                                         D.with pleasure
11.—Do you think I should get a good guidebook?
—Yes, of course. _____, you also need a good camera and comfortable shoes.
A.What’s more                                         B.In other words
C.By the way                                                D.All in all
12.—_____I didn’t hear you clearly. It’s too noisy here.
—I was saying that the party was great.
A.Repeat.  B.Once again.  C.Sorry?  D.So what?
13.—It’s cloudy outside. Please take an umbrella.
—_____.
A.Yes, take it easy     B.Well, it just depends
C.Ok, just in case      D.All right, you are welcome
14.—James, I am sorry I used your computer when you were away this morning.
—_____. 
A.That’s all right                                         B.It’s a pleasure
C.You are welcome                                    D.Don’t mention it
15.—Oh, dear! I’ve just broken a window.
—_____. It can’t be helped.
A.Never mind  B.All right  C.That’s fine  D.Not at all
16.—Let’s go and have a good drink tonight.
—___ Have you got the first prize in the competition?
A.What for?                     B.Thanks a lot.
C.Yes, I’d like to.              D.Why not?
17.—I’m taking my driving test tomorrow. 
—____!
A.Cheers  B.Good luck  C.Come on  D.Congratulations
18.—It’s been a wonderful evening. Thank you very much.
—_____.
A.My pleasure                                B.I’m glad to hear that
C.No, thanks                                   D.It’s OK 
19.—Do you mind if I open the window?
—_____I feel a bit cold.
A.Of course not.     B.I’d rather you didn’t.
C.Go ahead.          D.Why not?
20.— I want to buy a pen, but I happen to carry no money with me. Could you lend me some?
—_____.
A.That’s fine             B.Nothing serious
C.Never mind        D.No problem

【参考答案】

1~5 BCBCC       6~10 ABDAD       11~15 ACCAA  16~20 ABABD

高考英语动词复

 

热点一:动词词义辨析
[热点透视]考查考生在特定语境中恰当运用动词能力。
[难点剖析] 备选动词词义相近,用法相似。
[考题盘点]
1.(03-25)If anybody calls ,tell them I’m out ,and ask them to ______their name and address.
A. pass B. write C. take D. leave
据题意应选leave, 表“留下”。其余动词不合题意,故选D。
[备考策略] ①结合语境,从区别词义着手;其次从用法上加以区别,如后跟to do\doing做宾语 ,还是跟双宾语,或者是复合宾语等。
②加强对考纲内重要近义动词的复习。如:spend ,waste , take, kill;raise, keep, support, feed等。
[过关训练]
2.(沪04-46) Hospital staff burst into cheers after doctors completed a 20-hour operation to have ___one-year-old twins at the head.
A. isolated B. separated
C. divided D. removed
3.(浙04-30) If you are feeling so tired ,perhaps a little sleep would ______.
A. act B. help C. serve D. last
Key B B
e、动词的时态与语态(平均每年三个题目)
1.---You've left the light on.
    ---Oh, so I have. ______ and turn it off.(NMET2000  13)
     A.I'll go            B.I've gone         C.I go        D.I'm going
2.---How are you today ?
    ---Oh, I _____ as ill as I do now for a very long time.(NMET2000  20)
     A.didn't feel       B.wasn't feeling         C.don't feel         D.haven't felt
3.The repoter said that the UFO_____ east to west when he saw it.(NMET2000  25)
     A.was travelling       B.travelled        C.had been travelling        D.was to travel
4.As we joined the big crowd I got ______ from my friends.(NMET2001  23)
     A.separated          B.spared        C.lost         D.missed
5.Selecting a mobil phone for personal use is no easy task because technology_____ so rapidly.
     A.is changing     B.has changed     C.will have changed      D.will change(NMET2001  24)
6.I______ ping-pong quite well, but I haven't had time to play since the new year.(NMET2001  30)
     A.will play         B.have played          C.played          D.play
7.Visitors_______ not to touch the exhibits (NMET2001  32)
     A.will request        B.request       C.are requesting        D.are requested
8.---You haven't said a word about my new coat, Brenda. Do you like it ?
     ---I'm sorry I ______ anything about it sooner. I certainly think it's pretty on you. (NMET2002 23)
     A.wasn't saying     B. don't say      C.won't say     D. didn't say
9. I wonder why Jenny _____ us resently. We should have heard from her by now.(NMET2002  29)
     A.hasn't written            B.doesn't write         C.won't write          D.hadn't written
10. All morning as she waited for the medical report from the doctor, her nervousness____.(NMET2003  27)
     A. has grown        B. is growing       C. grew            D. had grown  
11. Why don't you put the meat in the fridge? It will ____ fresh for several days.(NMET2003  30)
     A. be stayed           B. stay                C. be staying          D. have stayed
12. News reports say peace talks between the two countries ____ with no agreement reached.
     A. have broken down  B. have broken out C. have broken in  D. have broken up (NMET2003  31)
13. Let' s keep to the point or we _______ any decisions. (NMET2004  22)
A. will never reach                       B. have never reached
C. never reach                           D. never reached
14. My mind wasn't on what he was saying so I'm afraid I ______ half of it. (NMET2004  30)
A. was missing      B. had missed      C. will miss        D. missed
15. Sarah, hurry up. I'm afraid you can’t have time to ______ before the party.(NMET 2004  28)
 A. get changed       B. get change  C. get changing      D. get to change
16. –What would you do if it _____ tomorrow?(NMET2005 28)
--We have to carry it on, since we’ve got everything ready.
A. rain      B. rains     C. will rain     D. is raining
17. The hero’s story _____ differently in the newspapers.(NMET2005 33)
A. was reported    B. was reporting    C. reports    D. reported
18. The coffee is wonderful! It doesn’t taste like anything I _____ before.(NMET2005 34)
A. was having    B. have    C. have ever had    D. had ever had
解析:
1.A最佳 分析:该题命题意图是考查考生在特定的语境中使用正确的时态和情态手段的能力。第一个会话者向对方指出灯还亮着,答语so I have说明第二个会话者承认这一事实。我们根据空白后并列的谓语turn it off的语境可以判断出,最佳答案为A。从现在开始将要发生的动作应用一般将来时I'll go同时涉及到时间关系和说话人的态度(情态):(1)表示将要去做某事。(2)表示愿意去做某事。本题较易,得分率为71%,区分度很好,为0.424。
  2.D最佳 分析:该题考查动词时态的实际运用。第一个会话者向对方询问健康状况,
由第二个会话者说的for along time这一时间状语可以确定,答语的主句为现在完成时的“未完成”用法,它指开始于过去持续到现在的动作或情况。比较状语从句中的谓语动词do是动词性替代,代替前边的feel ill,是拿现在以前的病情和现在相比。该句的意思是“我好长时间都没有感到病得象现在这样厉害了”,答案选D。例如:I haven't studied as hard as do now for three years.三年来我学习从来没有象现在这样努力。英美人在实际生活中使用某种时态有时是表达某种态度或感情,又如:I have never read such an exciting novel.我从未看过这样令人激动的小说。 You are always smoking.你总是在抽烟。本题得分率为48%,区分度为0.312。
   3.A最佳 分析:该题考查动词时态。四个选项均为不同的动词时态形式,由宾语从句中的时间状语when he saw it判断,表示过去某个时刻或时候正在进行的动作应用过去进行时,故答案选A。例如:When Prof. White came into the classroom,the students were doing their homework.本题得分率为66%,区分度为0.392。
  4.A最佳 分析:该题考查过去分词作表语的用法和习惯搭配。该句是一个含有as引导的时间状语从句的主从复合旬,强调从句动作与主句动作相并发生。主句中get和过去分词连用构成被动语态,强调动作。四个选项都能和got连用构成系表结构,但只有separated能和from相搭配,got separated from意思是“和……分离开”,故答案选A。又如:We get separated from our classmates for the moment,but we'll get together again.我们和同学们暂时分开了,但我们还会聚在一起的。
   5.A最佳 分析:该题考查动词时态。题干为一个含有原因状语从句的主从复合句,主句陈述的情况是一客观事实,原因状语从句强调一直正在进行的动作,故答案为A。又如:Don't turn off the light because I am reading a report now.别关灯,我正在读一篇报导。
  6.D最佳 分析:该题考查动词时态。but后的并列分句用现在完成时的否定式表示到现在为止未完成的动作,由此可推断出前一个并列分句表示的是经常性或习惯性的动作,须用一般现在时,故答案为D。又如:He swims very well in the river but he hasn't swum recendy。他在河里游得很好,但是他近来却没有游过泳。
  7.D最佳 分析:该题考查时态和语态。题干所表示的是经常性的动作须用一般现在时,主语是谓语动作的承受者须用被动语态,所以答案选D。空白后的not to touch the exhibits是不定式的否定式在句中作主语补足语。例如:All the students are requested to take the physical training course for two years in the university.在大学里要求所有的学生上二年体育课。
 8.D最佳  分析:由于在上句中既使用了现在完成时,又使用了一般现在时,使一些考生产生了误解。现在完成时表示过去发生的事对现在造成的影响,过去没有对新大衣进行评价,造成的影响是对方不知道究竟对新大衣是什么看法,所以“没有说”要用一般过去时。sooner表示“快,早”,不表示将来,所以不能用won't say。
  9.A最佳  分析:时间状语recently常与现在完成式连用。We should have heard from her by now.的意思是“目前我们本应该收到她的信了”。
  10.C最佳  分析:根据all morning和时间状语从句中的谓语动词,可判断出应用一般过去时。一般过去时可用于表示过去经常或反复发生的动作。时间状语all morning说明动作的反复性,时间状语从句的谓语动词为一般过去时,说明发生在过去。
   11.B最佳  分析:stay既可作行为动词,也可作系动词。根据形容词fresh可判断出stay在这个句子作系动词。will后接动词原形构成一般将来时。
   12.A最佳  分析:bread down破裂。据新闻报道两国之间的和平谈判破裂了。break out爆发;break in闯入;break up分裂。
   13.A最佳 分析:本句的含义为“让我们抓住重点,否则将做不出任何决定。”本句属于祈使句+or(and)引导一般将来时这一结构。再如: Get up early tomorrow and you will see him.
   14. D最佳 分析: 根据语境不难看出空格处用一般过去时态表过去的客观事实,和前半句构成逻辑上的因果关系。译文:我的注意力没有放在他的讲话上,恐怕漏过了一半内容。
   15. A最佳 分析: 检查考生动词的语态的掌握和运用能力。此句为 “get”型被动,get changed 的含义为“换衣服”。同样的情况还有:get dressed, get killed, get burned等。
   16.B最佳 分析:检查考生对状语从句中时态的掌握和运用能力。在状语从句中用一般现在时表示将来,it 是第三人称单数,动词后加s。
   17.A最佳 分析:检查考生对被动语态和时态的掌握和运用能力。这句话的意思是:这个英雄的故事在报纸上报道的不同。
18.C最佳 分析:检查考生对时态的掌握和运用能力。 根据这句话的意思以及后面的副词before可知是对现在造成的影响,用现在完成时。

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