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【引用】中考英语动词时态归纳复习七大考点  

2011-03-16 10:46:01|  分类: 教研教学 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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 16种英语时态总结归纳

时态(Tense)是表示行为、动作和状态在各种时间条件下的动词形式。因此,当我们说时态结构的时候,指的是相应时态下的动词形式。
  英语时态分为16种:一般现在、一般过去、一般将来、过去将来时,以及这四者的进行时、完成时和完成进行时。

中考英语动词时态归纳复习七大考点 - 玉兔王子 - bilixiang的博客

 
  1. 一般现在时
  用法:
  A) 表示现在发生的动作、情况、状态和特征。
  B) 习惯用语。
  C) 经常性、习惯性动作。
  例:He always helps others. (他总是帮助别人。)
  D) 客观事实和普遍真理。尤其要注意,如果前后文不是一般现在时,则无法保持 主句、从句时态一致。
  E) 表示一个按规定、计划或安排要发生的动作,(仅限于某些表示“来、去、动 、停、开始、结束、继续”等的动词 )可以与表示未来时间的状语搭配使用 。常见的用法是:飞机、火车、轮船、汽车等定期定点运行的交通方式。
  例:The next train leaves at 3 o'clock this afternoon.
  (下一趟火车今天下午3点开车。)
  How often does this shuttle bus run? (这班车多久一趟?)
  F) 在时间和条件状语从句里经常用一般现在(有时也用现在完成时)表示将来事 情。
  例:When you have finished the report, I will have waited for about 3 hours.(等你完成这份报告的时候,我就已经等了将近3个小时了。)


  2. 现在进行时(be doing)
  用法:现在正在进行的动作。


  3. 现在完成时(have done)
  用法:
  A) 表示动作到现在为止已经完成或刚刚完成。
  例:I bought a new house, but I _________ my old one yet, so at the moment I have two houses.
  A) didn't sell B) sold C) haven't sold D) would sell
  答案是C) haven't sold。
  B) 表示从过去某时刻开始,持续到现在的动作或情况,并且有可能会继续延续下去。此时经常用延续性动词。时间状语常用since加一个过去的时间点,或for 加一段时间,或by加一个现在时间。
  例:Great as Newton was, many of his ideas ___________ today and are being modified by the work of scientists of our time.
  A) are to challenge C) have been challenged
  B) may be challenged D) are challenging
  全句的意思是:“虽然牛顿是个伟大的人物,但他的许多见解直到今天还在受到挑战,并且被现代科学家的工作所修正。”challenge是及物动词,在本句中应当是被动语态;其动作延续到今天,所以要用现在完成时态。可见答案是C) have been challenged。A) are to challenge和D) are challenging都是主动语态,不可能是答案。B) may be challenged虽然是被动语态,但意思与全句内容不合,所以不对。
  C) 表示发生在过去,但对现在仍有影响的动作或情况。通常用点动词,如:arrive, begin, find, give, lose等。
  例:John has broken his left leg.(约翰摔断了左腿。)
  注意事项
  A) 现在完成时是联系过去和现在的纽带。现在完成时和过去时的区别在于:现在完成时强调动作的动态,或受动态的影响,是动态的结果,对现在有影响;过去时只表示过去的某个具体时间里发生的动作,与现在没有联系。
  例:He worked in that hospital for 8 years.(他曾经在那家医院工作了8年。这只是讲述一个过去的事实,他现在已经不在那家医院了。)
  He has worked in that hospital for 8 years.(他已经在那家医院里工作了8年。表示他从过去开始工作,一直工作到现在,现在仍在那家医院工作。)
  B) 因为含有for加一段时间或since加一个时间点这样的时间状语的完成时,有动态和延续性的特点,所以不能使用终端动词或瞬间动词。
  例:My sister has been married for 5 years.(过去分词做表语表示状态,可以延续)
  My sister has married. Don't disturb her.(终端动词)
  C) 在"this is the first/ second/ third…… time that……"句型里要求用完成时。
  例:This is the second time that the products of our company have been shown in the International Exhibition.(这是我公司产品第二次参加国际展览会。)
  D) 句型"It is/ has been……since"所使用的两种时态都正确。
  例:It is/ has been 10 years since I last saw him.(从我上次见到他以来已经10年了。)
  E) 在"no sooner than"、"hardly/ scarcely ……when"、"before"、"prior to"等句型中,主句要求完成时。
  例:I haven't met that professor prior to today.(以前我从未见过那位教授。)


  4. 现在完成进行时(have been doing)
  用法:表示某一动作开始于过去某一时间,延续或重复地出现至今,或将继续延续至将来。
  例:We have been working on this project for over a month now.(到目前为止,我们一直在处理那个项目,已经花了一个多月时间了。)
  注意事项:与现在完成时相比,现在完成进行时更强调:在从过去到现在的时间里,动作或状态一直持续或一直反复出现。
  例:1997年6月四级第45 题
  It seems oil ___________ from this pipe for some time. We'll have to take the machine apart to put it right.
  A) had leaked B) is leaking
  C) leaked D) has been leaking
  从本题上下文看,这两个句子的意思是:“看来,这个管道漏油已有一段时间了,我们将不得不拆卸机器排除故障。”第二句表示将要采取的措施。第一句动作发生在第二句之前,并且延续到现在为止仍在继续。因此,空格中需用现在完成时或现在完成进行时。D) has been leaking是现在完成进行时,因此是本题的答案。有11%的考生误选了B) is leaking。由于本句有时间状语for some time,表示谓语动作延续,谓语不能用现在进行时,必须用和完成时有关的时态。有些考生误选了C) leaked或A) had leaked。是因为他们没有注意到本题第二句是一般将来时,所以第一句的谓语不能用过去时或过去完成时。


  5. 一般过去时
  用法:
  A) 表示过去某个时间发生的动作或情况。
  B) 表示过去习惯性动作。特别是由would/ used to do表达的句型,本身表示的 就是过去时。
  例:The old man would sit on a bench in the quiet park and look at others for hours without doing anything or talking to anybody.(老人过去常常坐在宁静的公园里的一条长椅上,看着其他的人,一坐就是数个小时,什么也不干,也不和任何人交谈。)
  He used to visit his mother once a week.(他以前总是每周看望一次他的母亲。)
  C) 有时可代替一般现在时,表达一种婉转、客气、礼貌、商量的语气。
  例:I wanted to ask you if I could borrow your car?(我想向您借车用一用,可以吗?)
  Would you mind my sitting here?(您介意我坐在这里吗?)
  注意事项:
  A) 注意时间状语的搭配。一般过去时的时间状语应该是表示过去某个时间的词或词组,如:yesterday, last month, in 1999, two days ago等,绝对不可与recently, in the past 10 years, this month等连用,因为这样的时间状语都与现在有关系,应该用现在完成时或一般现在时。
  B) used to do的否定形式和疑问形式很特别:你怎么写都正确。以否定形式为例:used not to do, didn't used to do, didn't use to do都对。
  Used to do经常与 be used to doing sth/ sth结构进行对比。前者表示"过去常常或过去曾经",要求加动词原形;后者表示"习惯于",要求加名词或动名词。


  6. 过去完成时(had done)
  用法:表示在过去的某个时间或动作以前已经发生的动作或已经存在的状态。就是我们常说的:表示"过去的过去的动作或状态"。
  Until then, his family _________ from him for six months.
  A) didn't hear C) hasn't heard B) hasn't been hearing D) hadn't heard
  全句的意思是:“到那时为止,他家里已经有六个月没得到他的消息了。”由此可以看出,谓语动词的动作延续到过去的某一时刻才完成,因此谓语要用过去完成时。答案是D)。其它选项中:A) didn't hear,因为一般过去时只表示过去发生的事情或存在的状态,所以不能与时间状语for six months连用。B) hasn't been hearing,现在完成进行时表示过去某时刻继续到现在或现在还在进行的动作,与题意不符。C) hasn't heard,现在完成时表示从过去某一时刻到现在为止发生的动作。而题中的then只表示过去的某一时刻,不能表示现在时间。
  注意事项:“过去的过去”这种逻辑关系常通过上下文体现出来,而不一定受某个时间状语的限制。
  例:There had been some one in our room just now, because I noticed a burning cigarette end on the floor when we opened the front door.(刚才有人在我们的房间里,因为我们打开前门进来时,我注意到地板上有一支仍在燃烧的香烟。)
  分析:虽然时间状语是just now,似乎应该使用一般过去时,但是“在房间里”这个状态是在"开门"和"注意"这两个过去的动作之前就存在的,所以应该用过去完成时。


  7. 过去将来时(would/ should do)
  用法:表示从过去的某个时间看将要发生的事。
  例:I said on Thursday I should see my friend the next day.(我星期四说我将于第二天拜访我的朋友。)
  注意事项:由于过去将来时是由过去时和将来时组合而成的,所以其注意事项可以参考过去时和将来时的相关注意事项。


  8. 过去进行时(was/ were doing)
  用法:
  A) 表示在过去一个比较具体的时间正在发生的动作。
  例:Mary was listening to light music 10 minutes ago.(10分钟前,玛丽正在听轻音乐。)
  B) 如果when, while这样的时间状语引导词所引导的主从句之一是一般过去时,则另一个句子常用过去进行时。
  例:I was washing my hair when you knocked at the front door.(你敲前门时我正在洗头发。)
  注意事项:其它与将来时有关的事项请参见下面所讲的一般将来时。


  9. 一般将来时
  用法:
  A) 基本结构是will / shall do。
  例:We shall send her a glass hand-made craft as her birthday gift.(我们将送给她一个玻璃的手工制品,作为给她的生日礼物。)
  B) 有些动词,如:arrive, be close, come, do, done, go, have, leave, open, play, return, sleep, start, stay等,用于一般进行时,并且通常与一个表示将来时间的时间状语连用,可以表示将来时。
  例:My mother is coming to visit me next week and is staying here until May.(我妈妈下周将来看我,并会呆到5月。)
  C) 表示“打算去……,要……”时,可用be going to do。
  例:This is just what I am going to say.(这正是我想说的。)
  D) 表示“即将、正要”时,可用be about to do。强调近期内或马上要做的事。
  例:Don't worry, I am about to make a close examination on you.(别担心,我马上就给你做一次仔细的检查。)
  E) "be to do"的5种用法:
  a) 表示“按计划、安排即将发生某事或打算做某事”。
  例:She is to be seen in the lab on Monday.(星期一你准会在实验室见到她。)
  b) 该做或不该做的事情(语气上接近于should, must, ought to, have to),表示一种命令、规劝性语气。
  例:You are to go to bed and keep quiet, kids. Our guests are arriving in less than 5 minutes.(孩子们,你们必须 上床睡觉,不准吵闹。我们的客人5分钟之内就要到了。)
  c) 能或不能发生的事情(接近can, may)
  例:How am I to pay such a debt?(我怎么可能还得起这么大的一笔债呢?)
  d) 不可避免将要发生的事情,后来将要发生的事情。
  例:I assure you that the matter _______ as quickly as possible. Have a little patience.
  A. will be attended B. will be attended to
  C. is attended D. is attended to
  will be attended to关键的一点是:attend表示“处理,解决”时是不及物动词,必须与to连用。另外,从上下文看,事情显然尚未解决,所以应该用将来时的被动语态。答案是B。
  e) 用于条件从句“如果……想,设想”(接近if ……want to,或if ……should)
  例:Greater efforts to increase agricultural production must be made if food shortage ____________ avoided.
  A) is to be B) can be C) will be D) has been
  答案是A) is to be。全句的意思是:“如果要避免食品短缺,就必须作出更大努力来增加农业产量。”
  F) 同样可以表示“正要、将要”的意思的句型是be on the point of doing。
  例:The coach is on the point of giving up the game because our team has been scored 7 points.(教练想要放弃这场比赛了,因为对方已经射进了7个球。)
  例:1999年6月四级第65题
  I was _______ the point of telephoning him when his letter arrived.
  A) in B) to C) at D) on
  答案是D)。on the point of doing 是固定词组,意思是“正要、打算”。全句的意思是:“当他的信到的时候我正要打电话给他。”
  注意事项:
  在以if, when, as long as, as soon as, after, before, in case, until, unless等连词以及具有连词作用的副词(immediately, the moment, directly)等引导的状语从句,一般用现在时代替将来时。强调延续性或动态时,可用完成时。
  例:I hope his health will have improved by the time you come back next year.(我希望到明年你回来的时候,他的身体已经好多了。)

        10. 将来进行时(will be doing)
  用法:强调在将来的某个具体时间正在发生的动作或事情。
  例:Don't worry, you won't miss her. She will be wearing a red T-shirt and a white skirt at that time.(别担心,你不会认不出她的。她到时会穿一件红色的T恤衫和一条白色的短裙。)
  注意事项:由于本时态是由将来时和进行时融合在一起的,所以关于本时态的注意事项,可参考"一般将来时"和"现在进行时"的有关注意事项。


  11. 将来完成时(will have done)
  用法:表示从将来的某一时间开始、延续到另一个将来时间的动作或状态,或是发生在某个将来时间,但对其后的另一个将来时间有影响的动作或状态。就好象把现在完成时平移到时间轴的将来时时段一样。其用法从和过去及现在有关,变成了和将来及将来的将来有关。
  例:1997年1月四级第22题
  The conference __________ a full week by the time it ends.
  A) must have lasted B) will have lasted
  C) would last D) has lasted
  本题考核谓语动词的时态。全句的意思是:“会议从开始到结束将持续整整一个星期。”句中by the time it ends表示动作要延续到将来某一时刻,因此要用将来完成时。答案是B) will have lasted。如果选A),因为情态动词must后面接动词不定式的完成时形式表示对已经发生的事情的一种肯定推测,而本句的时间状语是by the time it ends而非by the time it ended,所以犯了时态不呼应的错误。Would虽可以表示推测或可能性,但would last不能表示延续到将来某一时刻的动作,所以C) would last错误。因为D) has lasted是现在完成时,表示到现在为止已经完成的动作,不能表示延续到将来某一时刻的动作,所以也不正确。
  注意事项:由于本时态是由将来时和完成时融合在一起的,所以关于本时态的注意事项,可以参考“一般将来时”和“现在完成时”的有关注意事项。


  12)将来完成进行时:shall have been doing ,will have been doing
  例:By the end of next month, the project will have been being worked for 3 years. (到下个月底为止,这项工程就已经不停地进行了3年了。)(被动语态)


  13)过去完成进行时:had been doing
  例:The old clock had been being taken apart of and fixed up again for several times by my 10-year old son before I came back home.(我回到家之前,我10岁大的儿子已经把这个旧钟表拆卸并重新组装了好几回了。)(此处强调“拆卸”和“组装”这两个过去的过去的动作一直在反复进行。)(被动语态)

        14) 过去将来进行时:should be doing , would be doing
  例:The government promised that a new highway would be being built next July.(政府承诺说第二年7月将有一条新的高速公路正在修建。)(此句的时间状语是具体的将来时间,所以最好用将来进行时。)(此句为被动语态)


  15) 过去将来完成时:should have done , would have done
  例:I believed by the end of that year an advanced version of that software would have been developed, but I was wrong.(我坚信到那年年底为止,那个软件的新版本将被开发出来。但是我错了。)(此句为被动语态)


  16) 过去将来完成进行时:should have been doing , would have been doing
  例:They said that by the end of the following month, the project would have been being worked for 3 years. (他们说到第二个月底为止,这项工程就已经不停地进行了3年了。)

中考英语动词时态复习七大考点

 

时态是初中英语语法难点,也是中考的重要考点,其考点主要集中在以下几个方面:
  【考点1】一般现在时的用法考查
  一般现在时主要有如下几点用法:1、经常性或习惯性的动作。例如:It seldom snows in Suqian now. 2、现在的特征或状态。例如:He loves sports. 3、普遍真理,一般规律。例如:Light travels faster than sound./ Fish soon goes bad in hot weather. 4、可以用来表示一个按规定,计划,安排或时刻表要发生的情况,一般都有一个表示未来时间的状语。通常用来表示学期什么时候要开学、结束;飞机、火车、汽车、船只等交通工具什么时候要到达,什么时候要离开等时刻表上已有安排的活动。动词一般限于少数几个,如:begin, start, stop, arrive, come, go, leave, return, open, close, be等。例如:My plane leaves at 11 a.m. tomorrow./ School begins the day after tomorrow. 5、在if, when, as soon as, until, after, before等连接词引导的时间或条件状语从句中,从句中谓语动词要用一般现在时,主句要用将来时。例如:Turn off the light before you leave./ We will start as soon as you are ready.
  关于一般现在时应注意以下几点:a. 在间接引语中,如果转述的是客观真理,一般规律,谚语俗语,一般现在时时态保持不变。例如:He said the earth is round.  b. if引导的条件状语从句中用一般现在时表示将来的情况;但if作为"是否"意思时,其引导的宾语从句如果表示将来的情况则用一般将来时。When作为"当、、时候",引导状语从句时,从句用一般现在时表示将来的情况,如:When he comes, I will let you know;如果引导的是宾语从句,表示"什么时候",则将来的情况仍然用一般将来时,如:I don't know when he will visit me. c. 一些时间副词如seldom, usually, sometimes, often, never, every day等既可以用于过去时,也可以用于一般现在时。要注意区分。例如:He often goes swimming. / He often went swimming in 1999.
  【中考链接】
  1.Mum, _______ shall we have lunch?
  We will have it when your dad_________.(2007年连云港)
  A. when; returns     B. where; returns   C. where; will return   D. when; will return
  简析:A。when在后半句中表示"当、、、时候",状语从句中用一般现在时表示将来情况,根据后半句应该是问时间的,第一空用时间疑问词when.
  2.Tomorrow will be Father's Day. What will you do for your father?
  I will say "I love you, Daddy" as soon as he _______ up. (2007年南通)
  A. will wake        B. is waking       C. wakes            D. woke
  简析:C。as soon as"一、、就、、",引导时间状语从句。从句中一般现在时表示将来的情况。
  3. Our teacher said light________ faster than sound. (2007年宿迁)
  A. travelled         B. has travelled     C. is travelling       D. travels
  简析:D。"光比声音传播速度快"是科学真理,在间接引语中一般现在时保持不变。
  4.Let's go fishing if it _______ this weekend.
  But nobody knows if it_______.(2006年扬州)
  A. is fine, will rain  B. will be fine, rains    C. is fine, rains D. will be fine, will rain
  简析:A。前半句中if引导的是条件状语从句,从句用一般现在时表示将来;后半句if的意思是"是否",引导宾语从句,周末下不下雨是未来的事情,用一般将来时。
  5.Is your father a doctor? 
  Yes, he is.  He________ in Town Hospital. (2006年武汉)
  A. has worked        B. had worked        C. works         D. worked
  简析:C。一般现在时在此句中表示现在的一种状态。即"爸爸现在在这所医院工作。"

【考点2】现在进行时的用法考查
  现在进行时主要有以下用法:1、表示现在或现在这一阶段正在进行的动作。常见的时间状语:right now, at present, at the moment, now.常见的标志性动词如:look, listen等。例如:Someone is asking for you on the phone. 2、表示一个在最近按计划或安排要进行的动作。多有一个表示未来时间的状语。这种情况仅限于少量动词,如:go, come, leave, start, arrive, work, have, stay, play, return等。例如:--Tom, supper is ready. Come quickly. -OK. I'm coming.
  注意:表示状态和感觉的动词如果指现在情况的话,一般不用于进行时,而要用一般现在时。这样的动词有:love, like, hate, want, hope, need, wish, know, understand, remember, belong, hear, see, seem, have(有), sound(听起来), taste(尝起来)等。
  【中考链接】
  1.Where's your mother, Helen?
  She________ the flowers in the garden. (2007年镇江)
  A. waters         B. watered      C. is watering      D. has watered
  简析:C。谈话中问妈妈现在在哪儿,可知妈妈正在花园里给花浇水。
  2.Hurry up! It's time to leave.  --OK, ________.(2006年孝感)
  A. I'm coming   B. I'll come     C. I've come        D. I come
  简析:A。"I'm coming"意思是"我就来"。现在进行时表示最近按安排要进行的动作。
  3.Shall we invite Tom to play football now?
  Oh, no. He         his clothes.(2006年泸州)
  A. is washing     B. washes         C. has washed        D. washed
  简析:A。上半句对方表示要现在邀请Tom踢足球,但另外一个人说不行,显然,他正在洗衣服现在脱不开身。

【考点3】一般过去时的用法考查
  一般过去时主要有以下用法:1、表示过去某时发生的动作或情况(包括习惯性动作)。常见的时间状语有:yesterday, last night/week, a month ago/ ten years ago和具体的过去时间in 1990, in 2006等。例如:She often came to help me when I was in trouble. 2、发生的时间不是很清楚,但实际上是过去发生的。例如:How nice to see you here! I thought you were out.
  要注意区分一般过去时和过去进行时。一般过去时表示过去发生的事情,侧重结果;而过去进行时只表示过去某段时间正在进行的动作,而不涉及结果。例如:He was writing a letter last night.(不知道是否写完了) / He wrote a letter last night. (结果写完了)
  【中考链接】
  1. Simon________ his fingers when he was cooking the dinner. (2007年盐城)
  A. burnt         B. was burning       C. has burnt         D. had burnt
  简析:A。burn此处为瞬间动词,表示"烫着","当他在做饭的时候,他烫着了手指",一般过去时在此处表示结果。
  2.I'm sorry you have missed the bus. It_________ five minutes ago.
  What a pity! (2006年徐州)
  A. was leaving     B. has left       C. left            D. leaves
  简析:C。根据"five minutes ago"可知是指过去的事情,且表示的是结果,用一般过去时。
  3.Mr. Johnson, we have found your watch.
  My watch!Thank you. Where____    it?(2006年绍兴)
  A. do you find        B. have you found   C. did you find     D. were you finding
  简析:C。"发现"的动作为过去的事情,表示过去的结果,故用一般过去时。

 

【考点4】过去进行时的用法考查
  过去进行时主要有以下用法: 1、谈论过去的某个时刻或某段时间正在进行的事。例如:I was reading the newspaper at 6.30 this morning. 2、当过去某一件事情发生时,另外一个动作正在进行。此时,延续性动词用过去进行时,瞬间动词用一般过去时。例如:The earthquake started while I was doing some shopping. 3、可以表示从过去某个时候看来将要发生的事。例如:When his son arrived, the old man was dying.
  【中考链接】
  1.I came to your home yesterday afternoon, but nobody was in.
  Oh, we_______ some shopping in the supermarket.(2007年南通)
  A. have done          B. did            C. were doing       D. are doing
  简析:C。根据对话,可知在对方到他们家时,他们当时正在超市购物。
  2.What do you think of the colour of my new dress?
  Sorry, but what did you say? I_________ about something else. (2007年扬州)
  A. think              B. thought        C. am thinking     D. was thinking
  简析:D。第二个说话者没有听见对方说什么,可知对方说话时,此人正在考虑别的事情。过去进行时表示一个动作发生时,另外一个动作正在进行。
  3. I _______my homework while my parents          TV last night.(2006年南京)
  A. did; have watched                  B. was doing; were watching
  C. had done; were watching            D. would do; were watching
  简析:B。做作业和看电视均为延续性动词,而且是在过去同时进行的两个动作,所以都用过去进行时。

【考点5】现在完成时的用法考查
  现在完成时主要有以下用法:1、谈论开始于过去某个时候而且持续到现在的一个动作。例如:Eddie has lived with Millie since he was born. 2、谈论过去发生的动作,并且和现在存在联系。即过去的某个动作对现在产生影响。Eddie has eaten my food.  (Eddie ate the food and now Hobo has nothing to eat.) 但是如果单纯谈一个过去的动作,不涉及它对现在的影响时,通常用一般过去时。
  现在完成时常见的时间状语有:for+一段时间;since+过去的某个时间;so far, yet, recently, over/in the last/past +一段时间;(once, twice, )three…times, never, ever, up to now, these days例如:I haven't seen him these days./ Have you ever seen each other before?
  【中考链接】
  1.Hello,this is Lily speaking.Could I speak to Mr. Black?
  Sorry.He______ the Xuanwu Lake Park.(2007年南京)
  A. has been to           B. went to       C. has gone to     D. will go to
  简析:C。说话者此时不在,说明此时已去了玄武湖公园,用现在完成时表示到目前为止还在持续的动作。has been to表示已去过某个地方,而现在不在那个地方了。
  2.Would you like to see the film with me?
  I'm sorry I __________it twice. (2007年北京)
  A. see          B. will see   C. have seen    D. am seeing
  简析:C。从twice可知说话者已看过这部电影两次了。表示到目前的结果,用现在完成时。
  3. In the past few years there       great changes in my hometown.(2007年天津)
  A. have been            B. were        C. had been       D. are
  简析:A。over/in the last/past +一段时间为现在完成时的时间状语。
  4.Kitty, will you go to see the film -Cold Mountain this evening?
  No, I won't. I          it already. (2006年南京)
  A. saw       B. have seen     C. see    D. will see
  简析:B。用现在完成时表示过去的行为对现在造成影响。不去看电影的原因是因为已经看过了。

【考点6】过去完成时的用法考查
  过去完成时表示过去某个行为或某件事发生之前就已经发生的动作或情况。例如:Hepburn had been a model before she became a Hollywood superstar.
  【中考链接】
  1.Did you see Mr. Chen yesterday afternoon?
  No. When I got to school, he_______ already. (2006年扬州)
  A. left    B. has left   C. was leaving   D. had left
  简析:D。到达学校为过去的动作,在这个行为发生之前陈老师已离开了。过去完成时表示过去的过去。


 【考点7】将来时的用法考查
  表示将来时态的结构很多。主要有以下几类:1、be going to do…表示计划, 打算做某事,例如:I'm going to visit my grandparents next Friday evening.也可以表示根据目前情况很可能要发生的事。例如:It's cloudy. It's going to rain. 2、一般现在时,可以用来表示一个按规定,计划,安排或时刻表要发生的情况,一般都有一个表示未来时间的状语。例如:My cousin finishes school next year. 3、现在进行时可以表示一个在最近按计划或安排要进行的动作。例如:Are you going to the wetlands photo show next week? 4、一般将来时,will/ shall do..,在第一人称I/ We的句子中,可以用shall引导;各种人称都可以用will表示一般将来时。
  注意:1、时间,条件状语从句中,从句一般用一般现在时表示将来,而主句要用一般将来时。例如:I will go shopping when I am free. 2、临时决定要做某事通常用一般将来时。例如:--Tom is ill in hospital.  -Oh, I'm sorry to hear that. I will go and see him. 3、将来时态常见的时间状语有:常见的时间状语:next Tuesday, next week, the coming Sunday, this afternoon, tomorrow, tonight等。
  【中考链接】
  1."Ann is in hospital."
  "Yes, I know. I________ her tomorrow." (2007年盐城)
  A. visit          B. used to visit     C. will visit     D. am going to visit
  简析:D。从Yes, I know.可知对方事先已知道Ann生病的消息,已有了去看望她的计划和打算。be going to do表示计划打算做某事。
  2. Mr. Smith__________ a talk on country music next Monday. (2007年北京)
  A. give   B. gave   C. has given  D. will give
  简析:D。next Monday为一般将来时的时间状语。
  3.You've left the light on.
  Oh, sorry._______and turn it off.(2006年泰州)
  A. I've gone      B. I'11 go        C. I went         D. I'm going
  简析:B。经人提醒才知道,应为临时决定要去做某事,用一般将来时。
  4.Joan, you are late!  --Sorry, I ______ next time. (2006年浙江)
  A. don't    B. won't     C. am not      D. haven't
  简析:B。next time是将来的时间状语。表示以后不会再迟到了,所以应用一般将来时。

 

动词时态自测练习题(一)

请用正确的动词和时态填入下列各词:
  1. He __________ back a month ago. (come)
  2. My mother often tells me __________ in bed. (not read)
  3. I must take it back the day after tomorrow. You can only __________ it for 24 hours. (保存)
  4. Why have you kept me __________ here for so long a time? (wait)
  5. Please come to our meeting if you __________ free tomorrow. (be)
  6. She __________ to the Great Wall several times. (goes)
  7. In his letter, he said that he __________ us very much. (miss)
  8. The film __________ for nearly fifteen minutes when I got to the cinema. (be)
  9. He said he became __________ in physics. (interest)
  10. This film is worth __________. (see)
  11. He went to school instead of __________ home. (go)
  12. In the old days it was difficult for the poor to __________ a job. (找)
  13. It's cold outside, so you'd better __________ your coat. (穿上)
  14. He is hungry. Please give him something __________. (eat)
  15. Please don't waste time __________ TV every evening. You should word hard at English. (watch)
  16. We found the window __________. (break)
  17. You have dropped your pencil. __________. (拾起来)
  18. Mother often tells me __________ too late. (not come home)
  19. You had better __________ by bus, or you will be late. (go)
  20. I will __________ Li Ming the good news as soon as I see him. (告诉)
  21. Great changes __________ in our country since 1978. (take place)
  22. I __________ my daughter since last month. (hear from)
  23. It __________ me two days to write the article. (花费)
  24. Don't touch that __________ child. (sleep)
  25. Every time he tried to start the car, the wheels __________ deepersintosthe mud. (sink)
  26. When I got home, I found that my room __________ breaksintosand a lot of things __________. (steal)
  27. If I had arrived there earlier, I __________ him. (meet)
  28. I didn't remember __________ her the book before. (give)
  29. He called at every door, __________ people the exciting news. (tell)
  30. Yesterday Mary couldn't finish her homework, so she has to go on __________ it this afternoon. (do)
  31. We __________ football when it began to rain. We had to stop and go home. (play)
  32. Xiao Lin __________ from here for about two hours. (be away)
  33.swheres__________? Can you find your birth place on the map?
  Sorry, I can't. (be born)
  34. Last night we __________ back home until the teacher left school. (not go)
  35. Comrade Li Dazhao __________ in prison in 1927. (put)
  36.swheresis professor Lee?
  He __________ to the library. He'll come back soon. (go)
  37. We could not help __________ after we heard the story. (laugh)
  38. Would you please __________ me an English-Chinese dictionary when you come? (bring)
  39. He told me that he __________ the Great Wall the year before. (visit)
  40. I'll tell him the news as soon as he __________ back. (come)
  41. The boy __________ by the door is my brother. (stand)
  42. Do you remember __________ the film last year? (see)
  43. There __________ a physics test next Monday. (be)
  44. __________ I finish my homework in class? (必须)
  No, you needn't.
  45. I'm sorry you've missed the last bus. It __________ ten minutes ago. (leave)
  46. Wei Fang is heard __________ English every morning. (hear)
  47. John stopped __________ a rest (have) because he __________ for three hours. (work)
  48. I'm sorry to have kept you __________. (wait)
  49. A new theatre __________ now. (build)
  50. The boys __________ basketball on the playground are my classmates. (play)
  51. I regretted answering like that, I was sorry __________ so. (do)
  52. Can't you see I'm busy __________? (cook)
  53. He __________ worried when comingsintosthe teacher's office. (look)
  54. __________ come beef! (随便吃点)
  55. It's a great shame for me __________ in front of so many people. (laugh at)
  答案
  1. came
  2. not to read
  3. keep
  4. waiting
  5. are
  6. has been
  7. missed
  8. had been on
  9. interested
  10. seeing
  11. going
  12. find
  13. put on
  14. to eat
  15. watching
  16. broken
  17. Pick it up
  18. not to come home
  19. go
  20. tell
  21. have taken place
  22. have heard from
  23. took
  24. sleeping
  25. sank
  26. had been broken in to / stolen
  27. would have met
  28. giving /shavingsgiven
  29. telling
  30. doing
  31. were playing
  32. has been away
  33. were you born
  34. didn't go
  35. was put
  36. has gone
  37. laughing
  38. bring
  39. had visited
  40. comes
  41. standing
  42. seeing
  43. is going to be
  44. Must
  45. left
  46. to read
  47. to have…had worked
  48. waiting
  49. is being built
  50. playing
  51. to do / to have done
  52. cooking
  53. looked
  54. Help yourself to
  55. to be laughed at

动词时态自测练习题(二)

(   )1.I will tell him as soon as he _____ back
  A. come   B. comes   C. will come    D. came
  (   )2. Mary _____ on shoes when she ____ them.
  A. tries…buys   B. tries… buies   C. trys… buys    D. trys… buies
  (   )3. The girl often ______ cold when she ______.
  A. catch…dances  B. catches… dances  C. catchs…dances  D. catches… dance
  (   )4. _____ he ____ himself there? No, I don't think so.
  A. Do…enjoy   B. Does… enjoies   C. Does… enjoys   D. Does…enjoy
  (   )5. -_____ your teacher ____ from them very often?   -Certainly.
  A. Do…hear    B. Does…hear   C. Do… receive    D. receive
  (   )6. _____ your mother _____ some cleaning on Sundays?
  A. Does…does    B. Do…does    C. Does…do      D. Do… do
  (   )7. -_____ Tom _____to work hard to help his family ?  -Yes, he _____.
  A. Has… x…does   B. Has…x…does   C. Does…has…has  D. Does… have…does
  (   )8. Which teacher _____ lessons to you every day ?
  A. does …gives  B. does… give    C. do… give      D. gives
  (   )9. Smith does not go fishing on weekdays, ____?  _____ , he does.
  A. does he…No    B. does he…Yes    C. doesn't he…No  D. doesn't he…Yes
  (   )10.Mr Black often _____ fishing on Sundays, _____ he ?
  A. goes…doesn't   B. goes…isn't     C. doesn't go…goes     D. doesn't go…is
  (   )11.He usually _____ TV on Sunday evening.
  A. watch    B. watches    C. watching     D. is watching
  (   )12. We'll go to play with snow if it ______ tomorrow.
  A. snow    B. snows    C. will snow     D. snowed
  (   )13. Neither I nor he ______ French.
  A. speak    B. doesn't speak    C. speaks     D. doesn't speak
  (   )14. Nobody ______ how to run(操纵) this machine.
  A . know     B. have known     C. knows     D. is knowing
  (   )15. The Young Pioneer _____ water for the old man every day.
  A. carry    B. bring     C. takes      D. carries
  (   )16. Some are ______ in the river and some are ______ games.
  A. swimming…plaiing B.swiming…playing C.swimming…playing D. swimming…plaing
  (   )17. Look ! The boy students are _____ football while the girls are _____ .
  A. playing… dance    B. playing… dancing   C. play… dancing   D. play… dance
  (   )18. He _____ to do his lessons at eight every evening.
  A. is beginning    B. is beginning    C. begin   D. begins
  (   )19. _____ he _____ on well with his friends this term ?
  A. Does…gets    B. Does…get    C. Is…getting    D. Is…geting
  (   )20. Mr Smith _____ short stories, but he ____ a TV play these days.
  A. is writing…is writing  B. is writing…writes  C. writes…is writing  D. writes… writes
  (   )21. I _____ to the cinema. I ______ there every Sunday.
  A. go…go   B. am going… go    C. go… am going    D. am going…am going
  (   )22. Look, they______ a good time, ____ they ?
  A. have…do   B. have…don't    C. are having…are    D. are having… aren't
  (   )23. You ______ about the future now, ______ you ?
  A. don't think…don't  B. aren't thinking… aren't C. don't think… do D. aren't thinking… are
  (   )24. She always ______ something whenever she ______.
  A .studied…played  B. studied…plaied  C.. studied…plaied  D. studyed… played
  (   )25. He often _____ late in the forest. It _____ me very much.,
  A. stayed…worried   B. staied… worried   C. stayed…worryed   D. staied… worried
  (   )26. I ______that the boy _____ with no tears in his eyes.
  A. noticed… cryed  B. noticed… cried   C. noticd…cried  D. noticed… cryed
  (   )27. We _____the floor and _____ all the windows.
  A. mopped…cleanned B. moped…cleaned C. mopped…cleaned D. moped…cleaned
  (   )28. When I _____ the Children's Palace, the children _____ with joy.
  A. visitd… jumpped  B. visite… jumped C. visited… jumped D. visited… jumpped
  (   )29. ______ a sports meet last Sunday ? Yes , they ______.
  A. Did they have…did  B. Did they have…had  C. Had they…had D. Had they…did
  (   )30. ____ you _____out for a walk after supper ? Yes, I ______.
  A. Did…went…went  B. Did… go… went  C. Did… went… did  D. Did… go…did
  (   )31. _____ Jack _____ on with his work or ______ to have a rest?
  A. Did…went…stopped  B. Did…go…stop C. Did…went…stop D. Did… go… stopped
  (   )32. You gave them a talk two days ago, _____you ? Yes, I ______.
  A. did… did   B. did… gave   C. didn't… did    D. didn't… gave
  (   )33. -____ your brother _____ a letter to ?  - My father did.
  A. Who… wrote   B. What…wrote   C. Who did…write   D  What did… write
  (   )34. They ___ about the TV news then in the sitting-room. They often ____ such talks
  A. talked…had   B. talk…have   C. were talking…had  D. are talking…have
  (   )35. He ______ some cooking at that time, so he _____ me.
  A. did…heard  B. did…didn't hear C. was doing…heard D. was doing…didn't hear
  (   )36. " _____ you angry then?"   "They______ too much noise.”
  A. Are…were making  B. Were…were making  C. Are…made  D. Were… made
  (   )37. This time yesterday, Jack _____ his bike. He _____ TV.    A. repaired…didn't watch
  B. was repairing…watched  C. repaired…watched    D. was repairing… wasn't watching
  (   )38. We _____ for Tom at ten last Sunday. He often kept us ______.
  A. were waiting…waiting B. were waiting…wait C. waited…waiting D. waited… wait
  (   )39. When you ____ at the door, I _____ some washing.
  A. knocked(敲)…did B. was knocking…did C. knocked…was doing D. knock…am doing
  (   )40. The boy_____ English on the radio when I _____ his door.
  A. learned…was opening B. was learning… openedC. learned…opened D. is learning…open
  (   )41. When they______ through the forest, a bear _____ at them.(come at:袭击)
  A. walked…was coming B. were walking… came C. were walking…comes D. walk…is coming
  (   )42. A young man _____ her while she _____ her work .
  A. watched… was doing B. was watching… didC. watched… did D. was watching… was doing
  (   )43. While mother _____ some washing, I ______ a kite for Kack.
  A. did… made  B. was doing… made  C. was doing… was making  D. did… was making
  (   )44. I _____ myself French from 7 to 9 yesterday morning. I _____ to work.
  A. was teaching… didn't go  B. taught… didn't go  C. was teaching… went  D. taught… went
  (   )45. He _____ a model plane when I came to see him.
  A. makes   B. is making    C. was making    D. made
  (   )46. I ______ a letter at nine last night.
  A. is writing   B. was writing   C. wrote    D. is writing
  (   )47. The teacher_____  us a history lesson when Tom walked into the classroom.
  A. gave    B. is giving    C. was given   D. was giving
  (   )48. There will be a football match in two days, that is _______.
  A. last Sunday    B. next Sunday   C. every Sunday  D. this Sunday
  (   )49. We ______ a class meeting this November.
  A. had    B. have    C. will have    D. are having
  (   )50. He ______ in his garden every morning next year.
  A. will work   B. works    C. worked    D. is working
  参考答案
  1—5 BABDB    6—10 CDDBA   11—15 BBCCD   16—20 CBDCC   21-25 BDDDA
  26—30 BCBAD  31—35 BCCCD  36—40 BDACB    41-45 BDCAC    46—50 BDDCA

动词时态自测练习题(三)

 I. 单项填空。
  1.When will you come to see me, Dad?
  I will go to see you when you ________ the training course.
  A. finished          B. finish          C. are finishing       D. will finish
  2.Where's your brother?
  He ________ for France for further studies.
  A. had left          B. has left         C. 1eft              D. will leave
  3. If you _______ him tomorrow, please ask him if he_______ to work on the farm with us.
  A. see; goes         B. will see; goes    C. will see; will go     D. see; will go
  4.I won't go to bed until the TV play ________ over.
  You'd better not do that.
  A. is               B. was             C. will            D. will be
  5.They________about the coming Olympic Games in Beijing. Let's join them.
  Good idea.
  A.talk     B.are talking   C.have talked     D.talked
  6.Where did you put your bag?
  Oh, I_______ I put it on the chair because the phone rang as I_______ in.
  A. remembered; come                   B. remembered; was coming
  C. remember; come                     D. remember; was coming
  7.When______ you_______ the e-dictionary?
  Last month.
  A. have; bought       B. had; bought       C. do; buy        D. did; buy
  8.Is that Mr. Lu speaking?
  Sorry, he isn't in. He________abroad on business.
  A. goes    B. went      C. has gone      D. will go
  9.I knocked into a tree when I went to the railway station to meet my friend.
  I suppose you________ too fast.
  A. drive             B. are driving         C. drove         D. were driving
  10. Henry speaks Chinese very well. He ________________ in China since ten years ago.
  A. stays             B. stayed             C. is staying      D. has stayed
  11.Don't turn on my computer while I'm away.
  ________  .
  A. I shouldn't         B. I haven't          C. I won't       D. I don't
  12.What do you do?
  I'm a salesman. I_______ in a company in Nanjing. I like my job a lot.
  A. work       B. had worked     C. will work  D. worked
  13.When are you leaving?
  My plane__________ at 10:30.
  A. takes off           B. took off          C. has taken off    D. will take off
  14.Have you ever been to Australia?
  Yes, I_________ there alone three times in 2006.
  A. have been          B. have gone        C. went           D. had gone
  15. He works as a teacher now, but he________ on a farm for three years.
  A. worked            B. has worked       C. had worked     D. works 
                                    
  II. 用括号中单词的适当形式填空。
  1. The children will climb the hill if it_____________ (not rain) tomorrow.
  2. Mr. King told his students that the sun_________ (go) up in the east.
  3. Haven't I told you I like coffee without sugar?
  Sorry, but I only___________(put) a little.
  4. Don't be noisy. Mum____________(talk) with the guest in the sitting room.
  5.Why didn't you come and open the door for me, dear?
  Oh, sorry, I _______________ (cook) in the kitchen. I didn't hear you.
  6.How can you start playing games so soon, Tom?
  I______________(finish) my homework, Mom.
  7.Do you want to see the film"Harry Potter II"?
  The film "Harry Potter II"? I______(see) it. It's really wonderful.
  8. By the time he arrived at the stop, the 8 o'clock bus_____________(leave). So he had to wait for the next bus.
  9. I wonder if he______________(join) us in the discussion tonight.
  10. When I arrived, he________________(leave). So we only had a few words together..
  参考答案:
  I.1-5BBDAB 6-10DDCDD 11-15CAACA
  II.1. doesn't rain 2. goes 3. put 4. is talking 5. was cooking 6. have finished 7. have seen 8. had left 9. will join 10. was leavin

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